History of Europe and European integration
Module History of European institutions

Academic Year 2023/2024 - Teacher: ELENA GAETANA FARACI

Expected Learning Outcomes

The course aims to provide tools for understanding the history and process of European integration from the Treaties of Rome to Brexit. In particular, the mechanisms of operation of the European Union will be analysed, starting from the historical and political origins that led to the creation of the Community institutions. It will deal with the theoretical principles underlying it, the role of the powers, but also the protagonists who have contributed.

Course Structure

Frontal lessons, in-depth seminars and laboratory activities with active involvement of students


Required Prerequisites

Knowledge of historical, political, institutional events of the contemporary age in Europe.

Attendance of Lessons

Recommended, but not mandatory.

Detailed Course Content

The idea of Europe over the centuries.

Europe between the two wars and the birth of the first European movements.

The idea of Europe between the two wars and in the Resistance.

The Manifesto of Ventotene.

The Atlantic Charter and European movements.

The United States and European integration.

The early stages of the Cold War (Marshall Plan, OEEC, Brussels Treaty).

The start of integration on the basis of functionalism (ECSC, CED project).

The relaunch of Europe (Treaties of Rome) and the EEC.

The years of De Gaulle.

Integration in the second half of the sixties: towards the impasse.

The problem of Britain.

The 1969 relaunch and the Hague summit.

The Common Agricultural Policy.

The hairpin bend of the seventies.

The Community of Nine, the creation of the European Monetary System and the direct election of the European Parliament.

From the Single Act to Maastricht.

The reunification of Germany, the European Union and the common currency and the European Central Bank.

Enlargement to the East and the Europe of 25.

From Lisbon to Brexit.

The Mediterranean policy of the European Union and cooperation.

The European institutions.

Textbook Information

1) C. Malandrino, S. Quirico, L’idea di Europa. Storie e prospettive, Carocci, Roma 2020 (from p. 13 to p. 131).
2) L. Rapone, Storia dell’integrazione europea, Carocci, Roma 2015.
3) P.S. Graglia, L’Unione Europea. Perché stare ancora insieme, Il Mulino, Bologna 2022 (from p. 47 to p. 131).
During the lessons will be provided lecture notes by the teacher, also available on Microsoft Teams and Studium.

C. Malandrino, S. QuiricoL’idea di Europa. Storie e prospettiveCarocci 20209788829000852
L. RaponeStoria dell’integrazione europeaCarocci20159788843077809
P. S. GragliaL’Unione Europea. Perché stare ancora insiemeIl Mulino20229788815295668

Course Planning

 SubjectsText References
1From the system of nation States to the idea of Europe.C. Malandrino, S. Quirico, L’idea di Europa. Storie e prospettive, Carocci, Roma 2020 (from p. 13 to p. 131).
2European integration and the political-institutional system: from the ECSC to Brexit.L. Rapone, Storia dell’integrazione europea, Carocci, Roma 2015.
3The institutions of the European Union.P. Graglia, L’Unione Europea. Perché stare ancora insieme. Il Mulino, Bologna 2022, (from p. 47 to p. 173).

Learning Assessment

Learning Assessment Procedures

The learning assessment method is the oral examination. For attending students it is possible to take part in on-going verifications (written and / or oral), aimed at ascertaining the knowledge of a part of the program.

Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

From the system of sovereign states to the origins of European integration

The idea of Europe between the two wars

The idea of Europe after World War II

The birth of the European Community

The European institutions

The hairpin bend of the seventies

The single market

The institutional political system of the European Union

Union without Constitution


Europeanism and cosmopolitanism

Economic crisis and crisis in Europe